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About Sikhism

What is Sikhism?

Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of South Asia in the late 15th century. It was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji and developed through the teachings of ten successive Gurus. The core beliefs of Sikhism center around the worship of one God, equality among all people regardless of caste or social status, selfless service, and the pursuit of a righteous and ethical life.

Sikhism promotes values of tolerance, compassion, humility, and self-discipline. It has a rich cultural and historical heritage, and Sikhs have made significant contributions to various fields around the world. The religion emphasizes a harmonious blend of spirituality and worldly responsibilities, striving for the betterment of both individual and collective well-being.

Key Principles & Values of Sikhism

  1. Belief in One God: Sikhs believe in a single, formless, and all-pervading God, referred to as "Ik Onkar." This monotheistic belief rejects idol worship and emphasizes the universality of the divine.

  2. Guru Granth Sahib: The Guru Granth Sahib, often referred to as the "Eternal Guru," is the holy scripture of Sikhism. It is a compilation of hymns and writings from the Gurus and other spiritual poets, emphasizing devotion, morality, and spiritual guidance.

  3. Equality and Social Justice: Sikhism vehemently opposes the caste system and teaches the equality of all human beings. Sikhs are encouraged to work for social justice and to stand against discrimination and oppression.

  4. Seva (Selfless Service): Serving others without any selfish motives is a central tenet of Sikhism. Sikhs are encouraged to engage in seva to help those in need and contribute to the betterment of society.

  5. Three Pillars of Sikhism: Sikhs are expected to live by the principles of Naam Japna (remembering God), Kirat Karni (earning an honest living), and Vand Chakna (sharing with others, especially those less fortunate).

  6. Five Ks: Sikhs who have taken Amrit (baptism) adopt the "Five Ks," which are external symbols of their faith and commitment. These include Kesh (uncut hair), Kara (steel bracelet), Kanga (wooden comb), Kachera (cotton undergarments), and Kirpan (ceremonial sword).

  7. Cycle of Reincarnation: Sikhs believe in the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, known as reincarnation or karma. Liberation from this cycle is sought through devotion to God and righteous living.

  8. Gurdwara: The place of worship for Sikhs is called a Gurdwara, which houses the Guru Granth Sahib. Gurdwaras are open to people of all faiths and provide langar (community kitchen) where free meals are served to everyone, symbolizing equality and humility.

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